If your gums are swollen, red, irritated and bleeding, you might need treatment for Gingivitis. Gingivitis is a gum condition that is often caused by poor oral hygiene. It occurs as a result of inadequate oral hygiene. Symptoms of gingivitis are hard to tell since it cause little or no discomfort. However, symptoms of gingivitis are hard to tell because it causes little or no discomfort. Therefore it is important to notice the slightest of change or sensation in your gum to prevent this disease from advancing towards periodontitis, which is a more severe type of gum disease.
Difference between Gingivitis and Periodontitis
This disease is the earliest stage of gum disease which is still reversible with good oral care. At this stage, you might feel slight inflammation in your gingiva or gum. When left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis, where the condition is more serious and symptoms are more visible. Periodontitis causes pocketing around the teeth and tooth loss. It can even damage your jaw bones permanently.
Gingivitis or gum inflammation generally precedes periodontitis or gum disease. However, all gingivitis does not lead to periodontitis.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
Gingivitis hardly cause pain or discomfort. So, it is quite possible that you have gingivitis without even knowing it. However, it you watch closely, you will be able to identify certain signs and symptoms that indicate gingivitis. Some of the most obvious symptoms are:
- bleeding gums
- frequent mouth sores
- receding gums
- tender and swollen gums
- irritation in gum
- persistently bad breath
- pain and discomfort while chewing
- loose or sensitive teeth
Causes of Gingivitis
In the initial stage of it, plaque, formed by bacteria, mucus and food particles, in plaque build up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this stage.
Gingivitis is a result of poor dental hygiene . When plaque is left uncleaned, it hardens to form tartar that lodges to the base of your teeth. This is mainly caused by plaque and tartar. Some other causes of gingivitis include:
- rough brushing and flossing
- tobacco use
- hormonal changes in pregnant women
- poor treatment of diabetes
- poorly aligned teeth
- ill fitted braces, dentures, or crowns
- certain medications like Dilantin (phenytoin) and birth control pills
- Cancer and HIT/AIDS also increases the risk of gingivitis
Your dentist may start the treatment for gingivitis with a thorough cleaning of your teeth, which can effectively remove relatively more plaque build-up than you can remove on your own. Moreover, your dentist is specifically trained to identify the early symptoms of this disease . Accordingly, he/she might also write you a prescription to eliminate bacteria and reduce inflammation.
On the home front, you will need to adopt a good dental hygiene to prevent this disease from progressing to periodontitis, which may require surgical treatment.
- Switch to an antibacterial toothpaste in order to eliminate plaque more effectively.
- Brush for two minutes twice a day everyday. Switch to an electrical toothbrush to ensure thorough cleaning.
- Use an antibacterial mouthwash to eliminate plaque bacteria from hard-to-reach places in your mouth.
- Flossing removes food particles that boost bacteria growth in your mouth, thereby reducing the chances of this.
Undiagnosed gum disease can also be associated heart disease and stroke. Therefore, gum disease is not only a threat to your oral health but it is harmful for your overall health. Nonetheless, practicing good oral health helps reduce the risk of gum diseases considerably. In addition to this, timely dental check-ups and through dental cleaning once in a while can also prevent gum diseases and other serious dental problems. If you encounter any symptoms that may suggest this disease or periodontitis, schedule a dental appointment the best dentist Greenpoint.